THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATION ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF SKILLED WORKERS IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Chiedu Okwudili Maduekeh, Gilbert Nwabueze Obi, Ifeoma Nancy Obinwa
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The Nigerian construction industry is extremely reliant on skilled workers to carry out complex projects. Motivating these workers is crucial for enhancing their productivity and achieving project success. This paper explores the effect of motivation on the productivity of skilled workers in the construction industry. The research methodology involves a review of existing literature on the subject, as well as a survey of professionals and skilled workers in the construction industry. One Hundred and fifty-six (156) copies of structured research questionnaires were administered to workers in eight (8) construction companies in Awka the Anambra state capital and staff in the School of Environmental design and Technology of the Federal Polytechnic Oko comprising Architecture, Building, Estate Management, Quantity Surveying, Surveying & Geoinformatics together with Urban & Regional Planning Departments. Out of the 156 copies distributed, 114 copies representing 73% of the questionnaires were duly completed and returned by the respondents. The data collected were analysed using inferential statistics. The result showed a high degree of correlation between motivation and the productivity levels of skilled operatives in the construction industry. The research also revealed the perception of construction industry employees on motivation and motivational techniques in the construction industry to be reasonably acceptable. Overall, the findings of this paper suggest that motivation is a crucial factor in enhancing the productivity of skilled workers in the construction industry. Financial incentives, recognition, job security, training and development, and job satisfaction are among the most important motivators that can be used to enhance worker productivity. The paper concludes by recommending strategies that construction firms can implement to motivate their skilled workers and improve productivity, ultimately leading to successful project outcomes. It is recommended that the welfare of workers and the identification of what motivates workers will go a long way in maintaining healthy relationship in the industry.